Tribal Online Gaming in USA – What’s next?
No state has the authority to regulate or prohibit gaming on Indian lands if the state otherwise allows gaming. Here you find out what’s up with the Tribal Casinos, how the history and the future looks like and whether the tribal casinos are going online or not. Indian Casinos have long been profitable for tribes to run on Indian lands, and they are now looking on to take their casinos online.
Indian online poker and casino
Even though there are around 240 tribes in North America and approximately 470 Tribal Casinos, almost none of them are offering online casino yet. But, some of the tribes are eager on a piece of that market. Since they are a regulated market for online casinos and betting, it is not as easy as it sounds.
The Northern Bear Casino is the first tribal casino online and was launched in late 2012. Northern Bear Casino operate their website as part of the GEObet Tribal Gambling Network with the Wapi-Maskwa iGaming Act, Canada. It is not a tribe in the United States, however it is the first in North America to go online.
GEObet Network is a network completely focused on helping tribal casinos online with licenses, software and knowledge of the market.
Native americans in New Jersey and Nevada
There are three Tribes operating in Nevada and offering casinos but in New Jersey there is so far no tribal-owned casinos. Two of the biggest casinos in USA, Foxwoods and Mohegan Sun, are located in Connecticut and are run by indians. Foxwoods Casino is runned by Mashantucket Pequot Tribe and has over 380 tables for roulette, black jack and other casino games as well as 6300 slots. Mohegan sun has 377 tables and 6500 slots. Both the Foxwoods Casino and Mohegan Sun have been deeply in debt.
In Nevada you find Snow Mountains Smoke Shop, Avi Resort & Casino and Moapa Paiute Travel Plaza. These casinos are not as big as the ones in Connecticut, and two of them are runned by Nevada Tribes and one by a tribe in Arizona.
Tribes, operators and license
Indian Gaming operates in 28 states, 24 of the states is allowing Vegas-style Class III gaming, and 4 states are offering Class II Casinos with bingo-slots.
Traditional Indian gaming which may be a part of celebration or ceremonies as well as social gaming for minimal prizes is considered Class I Gaming.
All kinds of bingo are considered Class II.
Class III is a broader defintion but it is everything that is not Class I or II. Generally referred to as casino-style gaming.
Organisations for Indian Gaming
Several organisations, working beyond the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, are looking after rules and interest to keep the tribal casinos well and in order. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act was stipulated in 1988 to establish the legal framework for indian gaming. Read more about the history below.
A bit of history
It all began in the early 1970’s, when a indian couple who live in a mobile home on indian lands in Minnesota got a bill for property tax from the state. They never received a bill for taxes before and appealed to have it withdrawn. The United States Supreme Court recognized their demand, and decided that the state has no authority to tax indians on Indian lands. This opened up the possibility for indians to bypass the rules in the states regarding gambling. In a short amount of time, a lot of tribes started to run bingo operations on different places in USA. This was a bit controversial and met some resistance, but it wasn’t due to the law.
However, in 1988, Indian Gaming Regulatory Act stipulated that Indian reservations are autonomous and free to decide on gambling, but that they would need to have a dialogue with the state they are in as well as the American federal state, which remained the highest authority over gaming operations even in Indian reservations. Even this law have been questioned since it has increased the profit for the indian casinos. The profit from Indian casinos, however, helps the tribes financially and can sponsor education for example. The National Indian Gaming Comission oversees the gambling on the indian casinos.
Top 10 Tribal Casinos
These are the biggest Indian Casinos that are most likely to develop an online casino.
|Potawatomi Bingo Casino||Wisconsin||Milwaukee||Potawatomi Homepage|
|Mohegan Sun Casino||Connecticut||Uncasville||Mohegan Sun|
|Foxwoods Casino||Connecticut||Mashantucket||Foxwoods Casino|
|San Manuel Indian Bingo & Casino||California||Highland||San Manuel|
|Island Resort & Casino||Michigan||Harris||Island Resort & Casino|
|Viejas Casino||California||Alpine||Viejas Casino|
|Jackpot Junction Casino Hotel||Minnesota||Morton||Jackpot Junction|
|Barona Resort & Casino||California||San Diego||Barona Resort & Casino|
|Chumash Casino Resort||California||Santa Ynez||Chumash Casino|
|Jackson Rancheria Casino & Hotel||California||Jackson||Jackson Rancheria & Casino|
Check out this video where Four Corners explains more about tribal casinos.